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Mumbai3 hours ago

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  • Farmers are still stuck in the movement since last year
  • They go to the village in turn to cut crops

On the one hand while India is reeling from the second frightening wave of Kovid, on the other hand, thousands of farmers on the outskirts of New Delhi are still standing in camps where they have been sitting on dharna for months in protest against government legislation. They have been continuously saying that the Farmers Law is very harmful for them. The new problem for the government is that the country may have 109 million tonnes of wheat this year.

Farmers are pressurizing to withdraw the law

The farmers’ movement is creating tremendous pressure on Prime Minister Narendra Modi to withdraw the farmers law. The central government is claiming to make agriculture more efficient with this law. But during this time it is being seen that the edge of the farmer movement is not blunt, so this year farmers are seen coming and going towards the villages for harvesting wheat crop.

Logistic work of farmers

Their logistic work is at least from the perspective of farmers. They are going ahead to collect a record breaking production of 109 million tonnes this year. It is being said that this will create more headaches for the government as the government has underestimated the power of farmers’ anger. Trade sources say that in order to woo the protesters, the state’s grain buyers are likely to purchase large quantities of wheat at guaranteed prices, which will further worsen the government’s budget.

The government felt that the farmers would go to harvest the crop

Food Policy Experts Devinder Sharma said that the government probably believed that the farmers would leave their villages to harvest the crop, but they have been working to run this movement for more and more days. A senior official involved in the agricultural policy said that the government held several rounds of talks with the farmers and the government wants to sit still with the farmers and address their grievances, but the farmers also need to come forward with an open mind. is.

The number of farmers has remained constant at the site of the movement

He told how the number of protesters at his site remains constant despite the farmers visiting the grain-growing village of Shahjahanpur in the state of Haryana. Volunteers have prepared rosters in the village to ensure that each time a group of farmers goes to harvest wheat, another group of farmers in the same number join the protests.

The farmers turn to the village in turn

An agitator, who is overseeing the Indus border, said that apart from Haryana, there was a similar system for the states of Punjab and Uttar Pradesh, where one batch of farmers goes to the village to cultivate and the other comes to support the movement. Organizers in the Indus have made white tents and cottages for the protesters in the summer, helping to provide them relief from the heat.

Harvested the crop by traveling 100 kilometers

One of the same farmers is Rajendra Beniwal, who traveled about 100 km north of Delhi in mid-April to take part in the harvesting. He aims to return to the protest as soon as the work is done. Standing next to his 12-acre plot, the 55-year-old farmer said that I have come with 23 farmers from my village. Wheat harvesting has always been a bit difficult, but it has never been the same this year. It is very frustrating. At the time of harvesting, no one wants to stay away from their fields and their villages.

The farmers started marching towards New Delhi in November last year in protest against the three laws. Modi, his government and some economists argue that laws are needed to modernize India’s agriculture, making private investment in the region attractive.

Now masks are also distributed in farmers’ camps

Volunteers have started distributing face masks and spraying disinfectants in farmers’ camps. Along with this, hand sanitizer dispensers have also been installed. With the movement started last year, the farmers did not forget their livelihood. By the end of November they had sown wheat on a record 34.5 million hectares, resulting in this year’s bumper crop estimated at over $ 40 billion.

The bumper crop has caused problems for the government grain buyer Food Corporation of India (FCI), which is committed to buying more wheat if production increases. Since private global trading companies are missing out on Corona, the government will be responsible for purchasing these crops.

Wheat production will be 3.9 million tonnes more

Trade and industry sources said that FCI’s wheat procurement would be more than about 39 million tonnes of last year’s record procurement. The stock is already full. The government official said that we are committed to support the farmers. That is why we are also committed to buy more and more wheat. On 1 April, FCI godowns had wheat stock almost four times higher than the target at 27.7 million tonnes. Despite the target of 13.6 million, the total rice was 49.9 million tonnes.

Last year, FCI was required to store more than 14 million tonnes of wheat in temporary sheds. Now more temporary storage will have to be discovered in 2021/22.

FCI is increasing the purchase price

Over the past decade, FCI has increased the price of purchasing wheat and normal rice from farmers by 64% and 73% respectively while storage costs have also risen during this period. Nevertheless, FCI sells 5 kg of wheat and rice under the Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Yojana every month to more than 80 crore people at Rs 2 and Rs 3 per kg respectively.

FCI’s debt increased
FCI’s debt has increased to Rs 3.81 lakh crore, which is alarming. In the financial year up to March 2021, the government gave Rs 3.44 lakh crore to FCI for its 2020-21 food subsidy bill. An additional Rs 1.18 lakh crore was given to it so that it could reduce its debt. India’s fiscal deficit increased from 3.5% to 9.5% due to additional allocations to FCI and a decrease in revenue.

India’s wheat becomes expensive

Indian wheat is currently priced at $ 280 per tonne overseas, while good quality Australian wheat is priced at $ 220- 225 per tonne. By June-July, wheat will also come from Russia and Ukraine, which will completely close the door to Indian exports. India’s recent bumper harvest is the result of the “Green Revolution” of the 1960s. It helped the government recover from droughts in 2014 and 2015 and enabled Modi’s administration to distribute free grain during last year’s lockdown. But some economists said that keeping such a large stock of wheat stored may cause long-term damage to the agricultural sector.

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