A Crowdstrike report looking into access brokers’ advertisements since 2019 has identified a preference in academic, government, and technology entities based in the United States.
Initial access brokers are a vital link in the cybercrime chain, as these threat actors are devoted to breaching corporate networks for future attacks.
These brokers then sell access to these networks to other cybercriminals who will do the “dirty” and more risky work of deploying malware, ransomware, move laterally, conduct espionage, etc.
Previously, we have seen threat actors selling access to networks for as little as $1,500, but as analyzed in the Crowdstrike report, the price depends on the compromised organization’s location, size, and type.
The most lucrative targets in terms of how much they can yield in dark web listings are the U.S. and the U.K. Listings from these two countries are selling for an average price of just below $4,000.
This is why the United States takes the lion’s share of the target focus, accounting for over half (55%) of all initial access offerings on dark web forums and markets.
The U.K. is far behind with only 7%, while Brazil, Canada, and France have a significant share of the targeted pie (between 6% and 8%).
Another highly sought-after listing is access in Canadian organizations, which sells at an average of $3,119, while Italy is also fairing well with $2,900.
The sectors targeted by initial access brokers are also determining factors. Depending on the entity, threat actors may use the access for financial extortion, data exfiltration, cyber-espionage, BEC acts, etc.
According to Crowdstrike, the academic, government, and technology sectors are targeted the most, followed by financial, healthcare, and energy services.
Considering that the dataset began in 2019, the outbreak of COVID-19, which led to a global research effort for the development of a vaccine, must have played a crucial role in the ranking of academic at the top.
When looking at the average asking price for each sector, government listings are the most valuable at $6,151, followed by financial service providers at $5,855.
The access broker economy is shifting, like all sectors of cybercrime, and while these threat actors employ all tricks in the book to keep the supply alive, easy and widely exploitable flaws like Log4Shell have pushed them aside.
Also, ransomware groups now use exclusive initial access contractors directed to attack specific targets rather than buying random firm access that may also be doubtful.
Crowdstrike has identified a short-lived fallout between Q4 2021 and Q1 2022 but now reports a resurgence in network access advertisements.
The demand is expected to remain high in 2022, but it’ll all depend on the vulnerability landscape and the trends that underpin the operation of hands-on hackers like RaaS operators.