Connect with us

Hi, what are you looking for?

Online Business Success

AI is ready to take on a massive healthcare challenge – TechCrunch


Which disease results in the highest total economic burden per annum? If you guessed diabetes, cancer, heart disease or even obesity, you guessed wrong. Reaching a mammoth financial burden of $966 billion in 2019, the cost of rare diseases far outpaced diabetes ($327 billion), cancer ($174 billion), heart disease ($214 billion) and other chronic diseases.

Cognitive intelligence, or cognitive computing solutions, blend artificial intelligence technologies like neural networks, machine learning, and natural language processing, and are able to mimic human intelligence.

It’s not surprising that rare diseases didn’t come to mind. By definition, a rare disease affects fewer than 200,000 people. However, collectively, there are thousands of rare diseases and those affect around 400 million people worldwide. About half of rare disease patients are children, and the typical patient, young or old, weather a diagnostic odyssey lasting five years or more during which they undergo countless tests and see numerous specialists before ultimately receiving a diagnosis.

No longer a moonshot challenge

Shortening that diagnostic odyssey and reducing the associated costs was, until recently, a moonshot challenge, but is now within reach. About 80% of rare diseases are genetic, and technology and AI advances are combining to make genetic testing widely accessible.

Whole-genome sequencing, an advanced genetic test that allows us to examine the entire human DNA, now costs under $1,000, and market leader Illumina is targeting a $100 genome in the near future.

The remaining challenge is interpreting that data in the context of human health, which is not a trivial challenge. The typical human contains 5 million unique genetic variants and of those we need to identify a single disease-causing variant. Recent advances in cognitive AI allow us to interrogate a person’s whole genome sequence and identify disease-causing mechanisms automatically, augmenting human capacity.

A shift from narrow to cognitive AI

The path to a broadly usable AI solution required a paradigm shift from narrow to broader machine learning models. Scientists interpreting genomic data review thousands of data points, collected from different sources, in different formats.

Advertisement. Scroll to continue reading.

An analysis of a human genome can take as long as eight hours, and there are only a few thousand qualified scientists worldwide. When we reach the $100 genome, analysts are expecting 50 million-60 million people will have their DNA sequenced every year. How will we analyze the data generated in the context of their health? That’s where cognitive intelligence comes in.



Source link

Click to comment

Leave a Reply

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Advertisement

Latest

Top Stories

Analytical data from BscScan, a sister product of Etherscan, reveals that Binance Smart Chain (BSC) surpassed 14.7 million blockchain transactions on Tuesday. This establishes...

Social Media

Twitter has shared some new insights into the rising discussion around college football and the NFL, which, like most sports, has seen a big...

Top Stories

Staples Center will now be known as Crypto.com Arena, after an agreement with its owner AEG. Staples Center is a multi-purpose arena that has...

Technology

Smart pick Beats Fit Pro Best value Beats Studio Buds For Apple users, the Beats Fit Pro come with all the bells and whistles...

Loan And Finance

23 months ‘too long’ to decide on claim: AFCA 15 November 2021 OnePath did not comply with the Life Insurance Code of Practice when...

Top Stories

Bitcoin (BTC) bounced at the pivotal $58,400 during Nov. 17 as the day continued choppy price action. BTC/USD 1-hour candle chart (Bitstamp). Source: TradingView...

Online Business Success

Photo: file Pakistan was recently ranked as a country with the fourth highest inflation rate in the world. Prices are skyrocketing, and no one...

Top Stories

Major crypto exchange Binance took a compliance-friendly approach to its business after years of cat-and-mouse game with regulators around the world and it worked...

Advertisement

You May Also Like

Blogging

In this post, I will discuss the top ten profitable blogging niches ideas for Adsense approval and high traffic. whether you use Blogger or...

SEO Guide

How to index website on Google? Do you want to drive more organic traffic to your new website? I am sure your answer is...

SEO Guide

Want to rank in Google image search? Images that you use as a featured images when writing a post actually appear on Google Images...

SEO Guide

There are all kinds of pictures of the world on the internet, but to find one of these specific pictures that you want to...

Advertisement